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#JusticeForBhopalNow: Week of Action Toolkit

Day 1: November 27

Virtual Press Conference (organised by YFCI)

Day 2: November 28

Teach-ins Day (organised by local organizers, anyone can join)

Day 3: November 29

Creative Actions Day (organised by local organizers, anyone can join)

Day 4: November 30

Mass Commenting (organised by YFCI, anyone can join)

Day 5: December 1

​Street Advocacy Day (organised by local organizers, anyone can join)

Day 6: December 2

Street Actions Day (organised by local organizers, anyone can join)

Day 7: December 3

Twitter Storm (organised by YFCI, anyone can join)

November 28>> Teach-In Day

A teach-in is a forum or discussion that focuses on a specific political issue and involves audience participation. The first teach-ins were held during the Vietnam War. Unlike a more formal lecture, a teach-in isn't only intended to educate, but is organized to invite questions and discussion. Most teach-ins focus on controversial or complex topics, and they usually include brainstorming about practical action participants can take. You can read more about teach-in on Wikipedia.

  • In 2011, Occupy Wall Street movement began using teach-ins to educate people about the inherent problems of capitalism.

  • In 2015 and 2016, Black Lives Matter teach-ins were held across the United States, including in Ithaca, New York; the Pratt Institute; Framingham State University; and Greenville, South Carolina.

  • In 2017 and 2018, the University of Michigan ran a number of free online “Teach-Outs” on topics such as free speech, fake news, hurricanes, and science communications.

  • In 2018, Stanford University held a teach-in for gun-violence in schools.

Option 1: Documentary/Movie Screening + Discussion

Bhopal: Beyond Genocide (1986), is an Indian documentary about the Bhopal Disaster of December 1984, in which a gas leak at the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Bhopal, India caused nearly 4000 deaths and over half a million injuries; directed by Salim Shaikh, Suhasini Mulay and Tapan K. Bose. Watch Here.

Bhopal Express (1999), is a compelling drama about a newlywed couple whose lives are altered by the deadly Bhopal gas tragedy. Starring in the film are notable actors such as Naseeruddin Shah, Zeenat Aman, Nethra Raghuraman, and Kay Kay Menon.

One Night in Bhopal (2004), is a drama-documentary focuses on five local people, who saw first-hand the effects of the gas on the patients, a local police superintendent who helped to restore calm on the night and a young technician at the factory whose life was saved by an oxygen mask. Watch Here.

Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain (2014), is movie that follows the events leading up to the industrial disaster as they relate to the life of Rajpal Yadav, a rickshaw puller who gets a job at the Union Carbide plant.

Post Screening Discussion Tips

  • Open the discussion up by inviting reactions, comments, or questions.

  • If no one responds within a few seconds, offer something from your personal experience to get the discussion rolling: your reaction when you first saw the film, reactions other people have shared with you, details about Bhopal Gas Tradegy etc.

  • As the facilitator, you are welcome to respond to questions and comments but you do not need to be the only responder or have all the answers. You can simply acknowledge a question and put it back to the audience for a response. This technique encourages an open dialogue, exposes different perspectives, and invites participation from more viewers.

  • Once the discussion winds down, thank the audience for sharing and being part of the discussion. You can also acknowledge their insights or summarize significant aspects of the conversation.

  • Inform the audience what they can do to learn more about the subject and to take action. You can provide website resources ( inform them about relevant local organizations (International Campaign For Justice in Bhopal) and #JusticeForBhopalNow

Option 2: Reading Circle

A reading circle is a place where one can read for enjoyment by themselves or with another person. The main purpose of a reading circle is to provide a safe place where people can read, discuss, learn and engage.

Example: Ambedkar Reading Circle which is an anti-caste collective often host reading circles in Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad..

November 29>> Creative Action Day

Art and movements have supported each other for as long as human beings have suffered through and fought against oppression. From the struggles of indigenous uprisings and the Civil Rights Movement to current struggles against the forces of racism, sexism, ableism, colonialism and other human rights abuses, people have used creativity to subvert censorship and the limitations placed upon them.

They have used art to unveil the normalcy with which we accept and follow abusive and discriminatory laws. The Black Panthers in their black leather jackets and berets, and their heads held high in natural afros took fashion as a medium to make themselves visible in all their blackness. The underground zines, literature study circles and the poetry of protest chants continue to ring truths about unjust systems and mobilize minds to challenge the truths that are doled out to us. Posters and sculptures scattered around public spaces bring people to a stop asking them to consider the messages underlying the aesthetics of the designs.

Creative actions help us tell a story, raise awareness about an issue, and inspire others to join us. Use this guide to inspire you. You’ll see examples that use symbolism, public displays, actions that engage the public, and those that disrupt the everyday order, from around the world. Creative actions also encourage us to have fun while putting in the much needed hard work. So often in movement work do we become overwhelmed by the difficulty and the length of our struggles that we forget to step back and appreciate the immense joy in working with our communities and for our collective futures and happiness. This joy is what sustains us to carry on and keep fighting.

Option 1: Banner Hang/Drop

A banner drop is the protest action of putting a banner in public place to spread a message and raise awareness. The banner may target a corporation, a law, a political campaign , or any activism.

Hang a large banner in a prominent area of your campus/ neighborhood to disrupt the visual landscape. You can find some samples of actual banner drops on this Wikipedia Page.

Option 2: Video/Image Projection

Guerrilla projection, pioneered by artists and advertisers, has been increasingly embraced by activists in recent years as a new medium for delivering messages. The advantages are obvious: With a single high-powered projector, you can turn the side of a building into a huge advertisement for your cause, plastering your message on a spot that would otherwise be out of reach. It’s relatively cheap, and far less risky than, say, trespassing onto a building’s roof to hang a banner off of it. Most importantly, it’s visually powerful: You can literally shine a light on the opposition.

Example: Some of activists from Black Lives Matters use projection to communicate their message. You can find inspiration here.

Option 3: Poster-making Party

A poster party is when a group of people gather to make posters for the cause of their fight. It becomes a space to have conversations and educate more people about the cause. It can be a space to ideate for further forms of dissent.

Option 4: Chalk-art

Chalk art or street art, is a creative expression wherein artistic images are drawn on the streets with chalk. It is an effective tool to express dissent and at the same time can catch people's attention. It can therefore, also enable having educative conversations.

Option 4: Open Mic

Open mics are events where people can come and perform. It can involve anything from musical pieces and poetry, to dance and monologues. The open mic can have a theme which becomes the overarching theme for all performances. It is a good tool to use, as it encourages public participation and helps to sensitize and educate people.

December 1>> Street Advocacy Day

Option 1: Candle March

A candle march is a symbol of solidarity with the victims. It is a medium that has been used many times in past, one being during the Nirbhaya case in 2012. Read more at

It requires merely lighting candles and marching silently to express dissent. All those marching must gather at the end of the march at one location, where they sit with their candles and also posters that they might bring to push their point forward.

Option 2: Pop-up Stall

A pop-up stall, is a temporary stall that can be set up to raise awareness about a topic and initiate conversation. It should ideally be put up in any space that is usually bustling with people, in order for there to be maximum reach of the petitioned cause. these stalls not just enable conversations about the cause, it also allows for more people to learn how they can actively involve themselves. Therefore, encouraging public participation.

December 2>> Street Action Day

Option 1: Die-ins

Die-ins are a form of protest where participants simulate being dead (with varying degrees of realism). In the simplest form of a die-in, protesters simply lie down on the ground and pretend to be dead, sometimes covering themselves with signs or banners. Much of the effectiveness depends on the posture of the protesters, for when not properly executed, the protest might look more like a "sleep-in". For added realism, simulated wounds are sometimes painted on the bodies, or bandages, usually made to appear bloody, are used.

Option 2: Silent Protest

A silent protest is an organized effort where the participants stay quiet to demonstrate disapproval. It is used as a form of civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance[1] that encourages voicing out different opinions through certain acts such as not showing support to a certain product, attending mass parade, having symbolism, and educating and encouraging other people to join the protest. This aims to support and resolve different matters related to inequality, peace making, and nation leadership problems.

Option 3: Street March

A street march is an organized march for a cause. It involves chanting of slogans for the cause that is being fought for. Participants are required to march to one location together where usually a few speeches are given before the crowd disperses. It's an effective tool to attract attention and encourage mass participation. Participants are also encouraged to bring posters to further their cause.

Option 4: Human Chain

A human chain is a form of public dissent where people stand hand-in-hand to fight for the cause that they believe in. It is a good tool to draw attention to the cause and initiate more conversation, especially if the cause is not being looked at as something to be paid attention tool. It encourages more public participation, and becomes a space for mass education. It has effectively been used in India before. Read one example here.


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